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Project Profile

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Ardom - Regional Enterprises of Kibbutzim in Southern Arava

Elifaz B Reservoir and Connection Agricultural Lands - Eilat Treated Sewage Phase B


The entities engaged in the regional development of the Eilot district selected the Elifaz B project as their main project for the coming years. Project implementation had already been deferred for some years due to lack of funds. ICA agreed to share in the financing of a considerable part of the project cost.

ICA’s undertaking to provide the additional funds needed, resulted in the beginning of operations at the site and of the disbursement of the budget that had so far been frozen by JNF and the Government.

The project to pump treated sewage water from Eilat to the Southern Arava settlements for agricultural usage had long been mandated by the reality of years of the city's pumping sewage into the Red Sea. This has had a great negative impact on tourism, which relies heavily on the Gulf of Eilat as a magnet for drawing tourists both from abroad and within Israel.

The Eilat Municipality and the Eilot Regional Council, with assistance from the Interior Ministry, built a reservoir and pipeline from Eilat as far as the fields of Kibbutz Yotvata, and since the summer of 1995 no more sewage is pumped from Eilat into the sea.   

Due to hydrological limitations it wasn't possible to pump the treated sewage beyond Yotvata, hence the settlements were given agricultural lands in the area of Timna in order to utilize the treated sewage.

Phase A of the project was a reservoir of 400,000 m³ and pipes for existing fields. Phase B will see the construction of an additional reservoir (adjacent to the first) of 1.6 million m³, including a pipeline to the new fields at Samar and Elifaz.


There is no doubt of the necessity of completing this project, since: 

  • for the regional economy it will provide regular irrigation to both new and existing fields allowing sufficient holding and pipelines for the development of the regions' agriculture using marginal quality water.

  • from a national and political perspective - preventing sewage overrun into Jordan, with all its implications between neighboring countries who uphold the peace.

Mr. Ehud Kugler